• [S9] Lois Green Schoffstall, A History of the Shaffer-Miller Schrawder Families (Privately Published, 1980). Hereinafter cited as Shaffer-Miller-Schrawder Families.
  • [S17] Baptismal certificate, (1895), (in possession of Marion T. Klinger).
  • [S23] Birth date computed from age at death.
  • [S28] Carlos G. Klinger (Laramie, WY).
  • [S38] Phillip A. Rice and Jean A. Dellock, Dauphin County Archives, Volume II (Apollo, PA: Closson Press, 1996). Hereinafter cited as Dauphin County Archives, Volume II.
  • [S43] Franya Marie Rubendall, "Descendants of Jacob Rubendall" (Online: www.familytreemaker.com/users/r/u/b/Franya-M-Rubendall.index.html, 2005). Hereinafter cited as Descendants of Jacob Rubendal.
  • [S74] Johannes Schwalm Historical Association, Johannes Schwalm The Hessian (Millville, PA 1976: Johannes Schwalm Historical Association, 1976). Hereinafter cited as Johannes Schwalm The Hessian.
  • [S78] Mary K. Klinger, Klingers from the Odenwald, Hesse, Germany (Baltimore, MD: Gateway Press, 1989). Hereinafter cited as Klingers from the Odenwald.
  • [S107] Newspaper Article.
  • [S108] Newspaper Obituary.
  • [S136] Tombstone.
  • [S144] Elsie Mae Klinger Eaves. World Family Tree Vol. 4, Tree # 2801.
  • [S147] Irwin R. Klinger, Zion (Klinger's) Church History (Erdman, PA: Zion (Klinger's) Church, 1987). Hereinafter cited as Klinger's Church History.
  • [S154] 1850 U.S. Census.
  • [S169] Glenn P. Schwalm and Phillip Rice, compiler, Church Records of St. David's Lutheran and Reformed Church (1829-1915) (Closson Press, Appollo, PA: Schuylkill Roots, 1995). Hereinafter cited as St. David's Church (Hebe) Records.
  • [S172] Joseph A. Meiser Jr. and Sarah Roadarmel Meiser, Genealogists Guide to Burials in Northumberland County, PA, Volume IV (Grantham, PA: Ddraig Gooch Publications, Robert L.K. Jones, 2nd edition, 1998). Hereinafter cited as Northumberland County Burials- IV.
  • [S186] 1930 US Census.
  • [S187] 1860 United States Census.
  • [S190] 1870 US Census.
  • [S191] 1880 U.S. Census.
  • [S192] 1920 US Census.
  • [S199] 1910 Census.
  • [S211] "Additions and Corrections," Journal of the Johannes Schwalm Historical Association, vol, 1, no. 3 (1979).
  • [S221] George Schwalm and N. Daniel Schwalm, "All In The Family," Journal of the Johannes Schwalm Historical Association, vol. 2, no. 4 (1984).
  • [S231] George H. Schwalm and N. Daniel Schwalm, "All In The Family," Journal of the Johannes Schwalm Historical Association, vol. 4, no. 1 (1989).
  • [S241] George H. Schwalm and N. Daniel Schwalm, "All In The Family," Journal of the Johannes Schwalm Historical Association, vol. 5, no. 2 (1994).
  • [S249] George H. Schwalm and N. Daniel Schwalm, "All In The Family," Journal of the Johannes Schwalm Historical Association, vol. 6, no. 2 (1998).
  • [S265] "Additions and Corrections," Journal of the Johannes Schwalm Historical Association, vol. 1, no. 4 (1980).
  • [S285] 1900 U.S. Census.
  • [S313] Milton Klinger-Ellen Schwalm Marriage License, August 8, 1894. Hereinafter cited as Klinger-Schwalm Marriage License.
  • [S336] Gratz Historical Society, A Comprehensive History of the Town of Gratz Pennsylvania (Gratz, PA: Gratz Historical Society, 1997). Hereinafter cited as Comprehensive History of Gratz.
  • [S443] William D. Zimmerman, "William G. Zimmerman Family Sheet", July 16, 1983 (2416 Elwood Crescent, Williamsport, PA). . Hereinafter cited as "William G. Zimmerman Family Sheet."
  • [S444] Sarah Sevilla Schmeltz, "Sarah Sevilla Klinger Family Sheet", July 26, 1983 (Chestnut Towers, Apt. # 98, Sunbury, PA 17801). . Hereinafter cited as "Sarah Sevilla Klinger Family Sheet."
  • [S446] Kenneth Edward Klinger, "Kenneth Edward Klinger Family Sheet", July 10, 1983 (3 Rustic Knolls, Hackettstown, NJ). . Hereinafter cited as "Kenneth Edward Klinger Family Sheet."
  • [S561] 1840 U.S. Census.
  • [S705] Phillip A. Rice, Jodi A. Germani and Jean A. Dellock, compilers, St. Peter's (Hoffman's) Church Records in Dauphin County Vital Records, Volume 1 (Laughlintown, PA: Southwest Pennsylvania Genealogical Services, 1991). Hereinafter cited as St. Peter's (Hoffman's) Church Records.
  • [S792] Jack L. Pensyl, compiler, The Baptismal Records of Himmel's Union Church, 1774-1846 (Sunbury, PA: Northumberland County Historical Society, 1996). Hereinafter cited as Baptismal Records of Himmel's Union Church, Book 1.
  • [S805] Find A Grave, online www.findagrave.com. Hereinafter cited as Find A Grave.
  • [S811] Birth Certificate.
  • [S905] United States Selective Service System, online www.ancestry.com, United States Selective Service System (Provo, UT), downloaded January 6, 2012.
  • [S932] Pennsylvania and New Jersey, Church and Town Records, 1669-2013, online www.ancestry.com (Historical Society of Pennsylvania: Historic Pennsylvania Church and Town Records Reel: 267). Hereinafter cited as Pennsylvania, Church and Town Records, 1708-1985.
  • [S970] Www.ancestry.com, online www.ancestry.com,.
  • [S1062] Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission, Pennsylvania, Death Certificates, 1906-1967 (Harrisburg, PA: Pennsylvania Department of Health). Hereinafter cited as Pennsylvania, Death Certificates.
  • [S1104] Klinger, Merle Guy, Obituary, Daily Item, Sunbury, PA, March 17, 2015. Hereinafter cited as Merle Guy Klinger Obituary.
  • [S1147] Online Obituary.
  • [S1153] Pennsylvania Department of Military and Veterans Affairs, Pennsylvania Veterans Compensation Application Files, 1950-1966 (Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission: Ancestry.com, 2015). Hereinafter cited as Pennsylvania Veterans Compensation Applications.
  • [S1198] Daniel Klinger entry, Affidavit of Death and Application for Letters of Administration, Dauphin County Vital Records, vol 1, pp. 478-79, . Hereinafter cited as Death Affidavit for Daniel Klinger.
  • [S1203] Gratz Historical Society History of Lykens Township, II (Mechanicsburg, PA: Sunbury Press, 2017). Hereinafter cited as Lykens Township History II.
  • [S1206] Pennsylvania County Register of Wills Offices, Pennsylvania, Marriages, 1852-1968 (Lehi, UT: Ancestry.com Operations, 2016). Hereinafter cited as Pennsylvania, Marriages, 1852-1968.
  • [S1207] United States Selective Service System, online www.ancestry.com, United States Selective Service System (The National Archives in St. Louis, Missouri; St. Louis), downloaded 2011.