• [S7] Joseph A. Meiser Jr. and Sarah Roadarmel Meiser, Genealogists Guide to Burials in Northumberland County, PA, Volume III (Grantham, PA: Ddraig Gooch Publications, Robert L.K. Jones, 4th edition, 1997). Hereinafter cited as Northumberland County Burials III.
  • [S59] Joseph A. Meiser Jr. and Sarah Roadarmel Meiser, Genealogists Guide to Burials in Northumberland County, PA, Volume II (Grantham, PA: Ddraig Gooch Publications, Robert L.K. Jones, 3rd edition 1998). Hereinafter cited as Northumberland County Burials II.
  • [S112] John T. Humphrey, Pennsylvania Births: Lebanon County 1714-1800 (Washington, DC: Humphrey Publications, 1996). Hereinafter cited as Lebanon County Births.
  • [S119] Phillip A. Rice and Jean A. Dellock, "Records of Zion Lutheran Church, Lykens, Dauphin Co, PA," Dauphin County Archives, Volume II, (Appollo, PA: Closson Press for Schuylkill Roots, 1996). Hereinafter cited as "Zion Lutheran Church, Lykens, Records."
  • [S154] 1850 U.S. Census.
  • [S200] Social Security Administration, Social Security Death Index. Hereinafter cited as SSDI.
  • [S218] "Frederick S. Schwalm," Journal of the Johannes Schwalm Historical Association, vol. 2, no. 2, p. 60 (1982).
  • [S222] George Schwalm and N. Daniel Schwalm, "All In The Family," Journal of the Johannes Schwalm Historical Association, vol. 3, no. 1 (1985).
  • [S239] George H. Schwalm and N. Daniel Schwalm, "All In The Family," Journal of the Johannes Schwalm Historical Association, vol. 5, no. 1 (1993).
  • [S243] George H. Schwalm and N. Daniel Schwalm, "All In The Family," Journal of the Johannes Schwalm Historical Association, vol. 5, no. 4 (1996).
  • [S247] George H. Schwalm and N. Daniel Schwalm, "All In The Family," Journal of the Johannes Schwalm Historical Association, vol. 6, no. 1 (1997).
  • [S250] George H. Schwalm and N. Daniel Schwalm, "All In The Family," Journal of the Johannes Schwalm Historical Association, vol. 6, no. 3 (1999).
  • [S251] George H. Schwalm and N. Daniel Schwalm, "All In The Family," Journal of the Johannes Schwalm Historical Association, vol. 6, no. 4 (2000).
  • [S259] George H. Schwalm and N. Daniel Schwalm, "All In The Family," Journal of the Johannes Schwalm Historical Association, vol 7, no. 2 (2002).
  • [S260] George H. Schwalm and N. Daniel Schwalm, "All In The Family," Journal of the Johannes Schwalm Historical Association, vol. 7, no. 3 (2003).
  • [S264] "Family Newsmakers," Journal of the Johannes Schwalm Historical Association, vol. 1, no. 4 (1980).
  • [S291] Glenn P. Schwalm, Philip A. Rice and Jodi A. Germani, compilers, St. Andrew's United Methodist Church Records - Part One (Apollo, PA: Closson Press for Schuylkill Roots, 1991). Hereinafter cited as St. Andrew's Records - I.
  • [S295] N. Daniel Schwalm and Donald Reed, "All In The Family," The Hessians: Journal of the Johannes Schwalm Historical Association, vol. 8 (2005).
  • [S307] Bruce Travis Hall, "Klinger Family Database" (Annapolis, MD), data obtained January 20, 2003.
  • [S315] Erik Tice, compiler, Salem United Church of Christ Parish Records (Rough and Ready, PA: Salem United Church of Christ, 2005). Hereinafter cited as Salem UCC Parish Records.
  • [S336] Gratz Historical Society, A Comprehensive History of the Town of Gratz Pennsylvania (Gratz, PA: Gratz Historical Society, 1997). Hereinafter cited as Comprehensive History of Gratz.
  • [S360] Donald Reed and N. Daniel Schwalm, "All In the Family", The Hessians: Journal of the Johannes Schwalm Historical Association 9 (2006). Hereinafter cited as "All In the Family, JJHSA vol. 9."
  • [S365] Snyder, Carrie C., Obituary, The Daily Item, Sunbury, PA, February 16, 2005. Hereinafter cited as Carrie C. Snyder Obituary.
  • [S369] Snyder, Jean M., Obituary, The Daily Item, Sunbury, PA, September 4, 2005. Hereinafter cited as Jean M. Snyder Obituary.
  • [S370] Williams, Anna E., Obituary, Republican & Herald, Pottsville, PA, September 18, 2005. Hereinafter cited as Anna E. Williams Obituary.
  • [S401] Brian Barr Wiest, Genealogy of the Wiest Family (Transcribed and updated by Bruce T. Hall, 2001: Unpublished typescript, undated). Hereinafter cited as Wiest Family History.
  • [S431] Klinger, Guy E., Obituary, Herndon News, Herndon, PA, January, 1961. Hereinafter cited as Guy E. Klinger Obituary.
  • [S432] Klinger, Guy E., Funeral Notice, News-Dispatch, Shamokin, PA, January 23, 1961. Hereinafter cited as Guy E. Klinger Funeral Notice.
  • [S441] Robert G. Zimmerman, "Robert G. Zimmerman Family Sheet", January, 1978 (7 Dulles Drive, W., Camp Hill, PA). . Hereinafter cited as "Robert G. Zimmerman Family Sheet."
  • [S442] Mae Kathryn Killby, "Mae Kathryn Schmeltz Family Sheet", October, 1983 (6011 67TH Ave., Apt. # 4, Riverdale, MD 20737). Hereinafter cited as "Mae Kathryn Schmeltz Family Sheet."
  • [S447] Lee Darwin Schmeltz, "Lee Darwin Schmeltz Family Sheet", July 14, 1983 (Hyattsville, MD). . Hereinafter cited as "Lee Darwin Schmeltz Family Sheet."
  • [S459] Glenn Ira Schmeltz, "Glenn Ira Schmeltz Family Sheet", August 5, 1983 (Pasadena, TX). . Hereinafter cited as "Glenn Ira Schmeltz Family Sheet."
  • [S517] Artz, Robert E., Obituary, Patriot-News, Harrisburg, PA, October 3, 2007. Hereinafter cited as Robert E. Artz Obituary.
  • [S702] Phillip A. Rice and Jean A. Dellock, compilers, Early German Wills in Schuylkill County in Schuylkill County Vital Records, vol. I (Laughlintown, PA: Southwest Pennsylvania Genealogical Services, 1989). Hereinafter cited as Early German Wills in Schuylkill County.
  • [S716] N. Daniel Schwalm and Donald Reed, "All In The Family," The Hessians: Journal of the Johannes Schwalm Historical Association, vol. 12 (2009).
  • [S752] Phillip A Rice, compiler, Death and Burial Records of the Buffington-Reed Funeral Home Valley View, PA (Apollo, PA: Closson Press, 2006). Hereinafter cited as Buffington-Reed Funeral Home Records.
  • [S761] Guy E. Klinger and Helen L. Lemon marriage certifcate, October 9, 1920. In possession of Max E. Klinger, Laramie, WY.
  • [S836] Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission, Pennsylvania Veterans Burial Cards, 17772012 (Harrisburg, PA: Archive Collection Number: Series 1-7; Folder Number: 255.). Hereinafter cited as Pennsylvania Veterans Burial Cards, 17772012.
  • [S867] Genealogical & Biographical Annals of Northumberland County (Chicago, IL: J.L. Floyd & Company, 1911). Hereinafter cited as Genealogical & Biographical Annals of Northumberland County.
  • [S915] Elsie Klinger Eaves Family Database (Georgetown, TX), downloaded February 2012.
  • [S933] Appleby, Joanne E., Obituary, Virgil Howard Fiuneral Home Obituaries, Shinglehouse, PA, June 20, 2010. Hereinafter cited as Joanne E. Appleby Obituary.
  • [S941] 1940 US Census.
  • [S1139] Mason Wiest, "Genealogy of the Nathaniel Andrew and Emma Vesta Schwalm Wiest Family," The Hessians: Journal of the Johannes Schwalm Historical Association, vol. 18 (2015).
  • [S1140] Social Security Applications and Claims Index, 1936-2007, online www.ancestry.com,.
  • [S1151] Pennsylvania Birth Certificates, 1906-1913, online www.ancestry.com (Historical Society of Pennsylvania: Historic Pennsylvania Church and Town Records Reel: 267). Hereinafter cited as Pennsylvania Birth Certificates, 1906-1913.
  • [S1166] 314th Veterans Association, online http://www.314th.org/. Hereinafter cited as 314th Veterans Association.
  • [S1208] Sarah A. Schmeltz, "Frank G. Schmeltz Family Group Sheet", August, 1983 (Sunbury, PA). . Hereinafter cited as "Frank G. Schmeltz Family Sheet."
  • [S1214] Donald C. Reed, Descendants of Johannes Schwalm and Allied Families., CD-ROM (Lancaster, PA: Donald C. Reed, 2011), Descendants of Johannes Schwalm. Hereinafter cited as Descendants of Johannes Schwalm vol 3.
  • [S1395] Kenneth S. Jones, "Historical Echoes", Journal of the Johannes Schwalm Historical Association, Inc. vol. 2, no. 4 (1984). Hereinafter cited as "Historical Echoes."
  • [S1396] Johannes Schwalm Historical Association Website, online JSHA Website. Hereinafter cited as JSHA Website.